Information Sources

Bryan, G. and J. Pease. 1992. Agricultural Pesticides and Wildlife: A Balancing Act. Iowa State University Cooperative Extension Service.

Edge, W. and L. Ketchum. 1992. Endangered Species and Pesticides: Balancing Protection and Production. Oregon State University Cooperative Extension Service. VTP 006.

Environmental Protection Agency. 1988. Pesticide Assessment Guidelines Subdivision E Hazard Evaluations: Wildlife and Aquatic Organisms. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Environmental Protection Agency. 1992. Framework for Ecological Rish Assessment. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA 630/R-92/001.

Environmental Protection Agency. 1993. A Review of Ecological Assessment Case Studies from a Risk Assessment Perspective. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA 630/R-92/005.

Environmental Protection Agency. 1994. Status of Pesticides in Reregistration and Special Review. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA 738/R-94/008.

Fish and Wildlife Service. 1991. Why Save Endangered Species? United States Department of the Interior.

Fish and Wildlife Service. 1991. Placing Animals and Plants on the List of Endangered and Threatened Species. United States Department of the Interior.

Fish and Wildlife Service. 1993. National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation. United States Department of the Interior.

Fite, E., L. Turner, N. Cook and C. Stunkard. 1988. Guidance Document for Conducting Terrestrial Field Studies. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA 540/09-88-109.

Hamilton, S. and J. Pease. 1993. Agricultural Pesticide Impacts on Prairie Wetlands. Iowa State University Cooperative Extension Service.

Hill, E. and D. Hoffman. 1984. Avian Models for Toxicity Testing. Journal of the American College of Toxicology, Vol. 3:357-76.

Hudson, R., R. Tucker and M. Haegele. 1984. Handbook of Toxicity of Pesticides To Wildlife. United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service. Resource Publication 153.

Martin, A., F. Whitford, J. Becovitz and C. Rew. 1993. Pesticides and Applicator Certification. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service. PPP-25.

Messmer, T. and G. Dahl. 1991. Wildlife and Pesticides: A Practical Guide to Reducing the Risk. North Dakota State University Extension Service. WL-1017.

Miller, B. 1993. Hoosier Farmland Wildlife Notes: Fostering Wildlife in Agriculture. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service.

Miller, J. 1991. National Program Guidance Statement Extension Wildlife and Recreational Fisheries. Cooperative Extension Service. U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Miller, B. and J. Seifert. 1992. Forestry and Wildlife Management Assistance Available to Indiana Landowners. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service. FNR-87.

Miller, B., V. Stiles and S. Wilds. 1990. Managing Forest and Wildlife Resources: An Integrated Approach. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, FNR-125.

Palmer, W. and P. Bromley. 1992. Pesticides and Wildlife. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service. Ag-463-1 through AG-463-7.

Palmer, W. and P. Bromley. 1992. Wildlife and Agricultural Pesticide Use. North Carolina State Cooperative Extension Service. AG-475.

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Whitford, F. 1993. Pesticide Facts and Perceptions: Communicating with Producers and Consumers. Journal of Extension. Vol. 31: 9-11.

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Acknowledgments

Partial funding for this publication was made available from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5. Support also was provided by the Branch of Extension and Publications, Office of Training and Education, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

The senior author is extremely grateful to Richard Balcomb, Ciba Plant Protection, for his expertise and technical assistance; to Stephen Adduci for his original illustrations; and to Gene White, Eugene White Photography, and Jim Rathert, Missouri Conservation Department, for their wildlife photographs. The authors are very grateful to to the following reviewers for comments and suggestions that greatly improved the breadth and scope of Pesticides and Wildlife.

  • Robert Bielarski, Certification and Training Branch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Peter Bromley, Extension Wildlife Specialist, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service
  • Richard Brown, Manager, Environmental Fate & Effects Section, Zeneca
  • David Deegan, Certification and Training Branch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • David Fischer, Terrestrial Group Leader, Miles Inc.
  • Julie Fry, Certification and Training Branch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Thomas Hampton, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service County Educator
  • Woody Hill, Wildlife Toxicologist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
  • Ron Johnson, Extension Wildlife Specialist, Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service
  • Linda Lyon, Fish and Wildlife Biologist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Terry Messmer, Extension Wildlife Specialist, Utah State University
  • Ellen Mihaich, Environmental Toxicologist, Rhone-Poulenc
  • Jim Miller, National Program Leader­Fish and Wildlife Natural Resources and Rural Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture Extension Service
  • Lisa Mueller, Endangered Species Protection Program, Minnesota Department of Agriculture
  • Ursula Petersen, Endangered Species Specialist, Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection
  • Ann Stavola, Supervisory Biologist, Ecological Effects Branch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Larry Turner, Project Manager, EPA Endangered Species Protection Program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Barry Wilson, Department of Avian Sciences, University of California at Davis

REVIEWED: 5/01

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Authored by Fred Whitford, et al.

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Topics Included in this Module