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Pest management, also called Integrated Pest Management or IPM, for stored commodities combines chemical and non-chemical methods to keep a pest population in check. IPM does not mean “no pesticides” (unless the grain is for uses with zero tolerance for pesticides). IPM emphasizes the use of non-chemical measures before (or jointly with) the use of pesticides. Consequently, pesticides are used on an “as needed” basis only.
There are two basic approaches in pest management:
- Preventive-A preventive or proactive approach is implemented before a pest problem develops. These measures guard against, or reduce the impact of, a pest problem.
- Remedial- A remedial approach is implemented in response to an existing pest problem.