Partial funding for this publication was made available from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5. Support also was provided by the Branch of Extension and Publications, Office of Training and Education, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

The senior author is extremely grateful to Richard Balcomb, Ciba Plant Protection, for his expertise and technical assistance; to Stephen Adduci for his original illustrations; and to Gene White, Eugene White Photography, and Jim Rathert, Missouri Conservation Department, for their wildlife photographs. The authors are very grateful to to the following reviewers for comments and suggestions that greatly improved the breadth and scope of Pesticides and Wildlife.

  • Robert Bielarski, Certification and Training Branch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Peter Bromley, Extension Wildlife Specialist, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service
  • Richard Brown, Manager, Environmental Fate & Effects Section, Zeneca
  • David Deegan, Certification and Training Branch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • David Fischer, Terrestrial Group Leader, Miles Inc.
  • Julie Fry, Certification and Training Branch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Thomas Hampton, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service County Educator
  • Woody Hill, Wildlife Toxicologist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
  • Ron Johnson, Extension Wildlife Specialist, Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service
  • Linda Lyon, Fish and Wildlife Biologist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Terry Messmer, Extension Wildlife Specialist, Utah State University
  • Ellen Mihaich, Environmental Toxicologist, Rhone-Poulenc
  • Jim Miller, National Program Leader­Fish and Wildlife Natural Resources and Rural Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture Extension Service
  • Lisa Mueller, Endangered Species Protection Program, Minnesota Department of Agriculture
  • Ursula Petersen, Endangered Species Specialist, Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection
  • Ann Stavola, Supervisory Biologist, Ecological Effects Branch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Larry Turner, Project Manager, EPA Endangered Species Protection Program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Barry Wilson, Department of Avian Sciences, University of California at Davis


It is the policy of the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, David C. Petritz, Director, that all persons shall have equal opportunity and access to the programs and facilities without regard to race, color, sex, religion, national origin, age, marital status,
parental status, sexual orientation, or disability. Purdue University is an Affirmative Action employer.


Authored by Fred Whitford, et al.

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The above information is the property of Purdue University, reprinted from Pesticides and Wildlife, PP-30. All information on authors and disclaimers relative to the use of this information can be found at that address.

Topics Included in this Module