- Pollinator Health Task Force (White House Publications in PDF):
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Pollinator Protection Website — Regulatory updates, meeting announcements, link to Report a Bee Incident
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Guidance for Assessing Pesticide Risks to Bees
- U.S. EPA Residual Time to 25% Bee Mortality (RT25) Data
- National Pesticide Information Center. Bee Incident Reporting.
- Beeinformed.org. Bee Informed Partnership (USDA NIFA)
- Bee Health: The Role of Pesticides. Congressional Research Service. Dec. 2012.
- Bee Health: The Role of Pesticides. Congressional Research Service. Feb. 2015.
- Bee Health: Background and Issues for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Jan. 2015.
- Natural Resources Conservation Service (USDA NRCS): Insects & Pollinators
- Managing Alternative Pollinators (link to 170 page SARE/NARES publication or free download)
- USDA Preventing or Mitigating Potential Negative Impacts of Pesticides on Pollinators Using Integrated Pest Management and Other Conservation Practices. Tech Note 9. 2014
- USDA Report on the National Stakeholders Conference on Honey Bee Health. National Honey Bee Health Stakeholder Conference Steering Committee.
- Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices for Federal Lands. May 2015 Draft. USDA and USDI.
- The North American Pollinator Protection Campaign (NAPPC). Several pages containing educational material and resources that promote the health of pollinators, critical to food and ecosystems, through conservation, education, and research, Including:
- Protecting Pollinators: Why and How Pesticide Applicators Can Help Them
- Plight of the Pollinator: Solving Your Pest Problems Without Harming Pollinators
- Plight of the Pollinator: Save Money, Time and Energy with IVM and Energy Rights-of-Way for Wild Pollinators.
- Securing Pollinator Health and Crop Protection: Communication and Adoption of Farm Management Techniques in Four Crops. 2014. Wojcik V., Adams, L. and Rourke, K. Pollinator Partnership.
- Best Management Practices to Protect Pollinators (3-page PDF). National Association of Landscape Professionals (NALP). 2015.
- Project Apis m.– Information for beekeepers and orchardists including best management practices.
- Best Management Practices for Beekeepers Pollinating Almonds
- Best Management Practices for Pollination in Ontario Crops. Canadian Pollination Initiative
- Pollinator Conservation. The Xerces Society
- Pesticide Considerations For Native Bees in Agroforestry. The Xerces Society fact sheet
- Pollinators and Pesticide Stewardship. (booklet) CURES–Coalition for Urban/Rural Environmental Stewardship.
- Bee Health at eXtension.org. Website with information on honey bee biology, production, and management of pests within the hive.
- Neonicotinoid Seed Treatments and Honey Bee Health. Article in eXtension by Greg Hunt and Christian Krupke, Purdue University.
- Pest Management Strategic Plan for Honey Bees in the Mid-Atlantic States (DE, MD, NC, NJ, PA, SC, VA, WV). Comprehensive description of honey bee pests and management practices with prioritization of pest management needs.
- IPM Elements (checklist) for Honey Bees in the Mid-Atlantic States. Beekeepers should attempt to incorporate these IPM practices into their maintenance practices.
- Crop Profile for Honey Bees in Virginia. Description of major pests, control strategies, and pesticide impacts on honey bees.
- Managed Pollinator CAP (Coordinated Agricultural Project)
- Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium website – Guide to bees and beekeeping from Pennsylvania to Virginia
- University of Minnesota Bee Lab
- Ohio State University BEE LAB
- How to Reduce Bee Poisoning from Pesticides. A Pacific Northwest Extension Publication. Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University
- Pollination and Protecting Bees on Other Pollinators. Home Garden Series. Timothy Lawrence, Washington State University Extension. 2015.
- Ten Ways to Protect Bees from Pesticides. Washington Dept. of Agriculture.
- Neonicotinoid Pesticides and Honey Bees. Washington State University.
- Protecting Bees in Iowa-What’s Your Role? Iowa State University
- Protecting Honey Bees from Pesticides. Purdue University
- Protecting Honey Bees From Pesticides. Ohio State University Fact Sheet #HYG·2161·97
- Protecting Bees When Using Insecticides. University of Nebraska, NebGuide
- Protecting Honey Bees From Pesticides. Alabama Cooperative Extension
- How to Protect Honeybees from Pesticides. Clemson University
- Reducing the Risk of Pesticide Poisoning to Honey Bees. Beekeeping Note. NC State.
- Protecting Honey Bees From Pesticides. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Florida.
- Honey Bees: Pesticide Kills. University of Georgia.
- Illinois Bees: Reducing Potential Bee Exposure to Pesticides
- Coloss.org: Prevention of honey bee COlony LOSSes Network.
- Bee Health. Bayer Bee Care Program.
- Operation Pollinator. Syngenta Global Initiative that evaluates the provision of additional foraging habitat for native pollinators on non-production areas of the farm.
Articles /Programs of Interest
- The Plight of the Honey Bee: Why the Loss of Honey Bee Colonies May Sting Global Agriculture. Food & Agribusiness Research and Advisory. Rabobank.
- Flower Fragrances That Attract Bees and Butterflies to Your Garden (website)
Compiled by Wayne Buhler, PhD.
Topics Included in this Module
- Introduction to Pollinator Protection
- Honey Bees and Beekeeping
- Bees in Peril
- Pesticide Toxicity to Bees
- Read and Follow the Label
- Pesticide Applicator BMPs
- Seed Treatment Concerns
- Beekeeper BMPs
- Cooperate and Communicate
- Recognizing and Reporting Bee Kills
- Resources and Suggested Reading