Wildlife Species Information

The following section highlights problems caused by common species of wildlife, and management methods for dealing with the damage they cause. These pages are meant to serve as a guide for you while in the field. These research‐based profiles will help you resolve human‐wildlife conflicts.

Situations Involving Protected Wildlife May Require Additional Permits

Whether the conflict with wildlife is simple or complex, your response should follow the highest ethical standards. Federal, state, and local laws and regulations must be obeyed. Some species are protected by federal law, such as Canada geese, gulls, hawks, robins, and woodpeckers.

States protect game and fur-bearing species, such as white‐tailed deer, cottontail rabbits, wild turkeys, raccoons, and foxes. In addition, species. that are endangered and threatened are protected by both federal and state laws. Many states require professional certification for animal removal and transport, and the use of regulated toxicants. Some require a permit for trapping and removal of certain wildlife species, especially game animals and protected species.

Unprotected Birds
Bird Damage Prevention and Control Methods

Protected Birds
Canada Goose Crow1 Wood Pecker Robin
Canada Geese. Crows. Woodpecker Robin


Unprotected Mammals
Chipmunk House Mouse Norway Rat
Chipmunk.  House mouse Norway Rat Voles
Pocket Gopher Mole
Plains pocket gopher. Deer Mouse Ground Squirrel Mole.


Regulated Mammals
Big brown bat  Coyote Opossum
Bats Coyotes Opossums Raccoons
Fox Squirrel:
Skunks Tree Squirrels Woodchucks/Marmots
Species requiring additional state permits
Black Bear White-tailed Deer Beaver

The information on this webpage is based on the contents of the Wildlife Control Operator Professional Training Program published by the National Wildlife Control Training Program.